Hivos International

Civil society and democratization in contemporary Yemen

Working paper 3 discusses Civil Society en Democratization in Yemen. One part describes and analyzes the persistence in Yemen of what could be called a traditional civil society comprising of tribal and religious actors, who traditional as they may be, are also engaged in modernization processes. The second section will highlight the emergence of more modern actors since unification who, often benefiting from foreign support, are developing a new agenda and, in their own way, are responding to a specific framing of issues (development, Human rights, gender) produced internationally. Finally, the focus will shift to the different challenges and prospects facing the various civil society actors and how these often limit their capacity to take an active part in the democratization process.

This publication is part of the working paper series of the Knowledge Programme Civil Society in West Asia.

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تعرض هذه الدراسة تحليلاً للكيفيّة الدقيقة التي جرت بها صياغة مصطلحات المجتمع
المدنيّ (وعلاقته بالديمقراطيّة) من قبل مناصريه في شرق أوروبا وأميركا اللاتينيّة، في
سياقاتهم السابقة للديمقراطيّة. تصاغ الفرضيّات بالاعتماد على الأفكار المشتركة لهاتين
المنطقتين المتباينتين وسياقاتهما الأيديولوجيّة. هذه الفرضيّات تشكّل مَداميك لنظريّة
سياسيّة لمجتمع مدنيّ يرزح تحت نظام شموليّ، ويمكن لها (أي للنظريّة) أن تنسحب
على سياقات معاصرة مختلفة. وبدل العلاقة التي أضحت مرفوضة على نطاق واسع بين
متانة المجتمع المدنيّ وبزوغ الديمقراطيّة، يُفترَض وجود علاقة بين بناء المجتمع المدنيّ
لذاته (والسابق للديمقراطيّة) واستدامة المجتمع الديمقراطيّ لاحقًا. النتيجة البحثيّة
الثانية التي يجدر الالتفات إليها هي أنّه بينما تماثل النشيطون في شرق أوروبا وفي
أمريكا اللاتينيّة مع أفكار ومجتمعات خارج الدولة، لم يتوقّع هؤلاء تدخّلاً فاعلاً من قِبل
الحكومات الغربيّة، أو الرأي العامّ الغربيّ في محنتهم القوميّة، ولم يطلبوا ذلك.