Social security measures have enormous relevance and crucial significance in a developing country like India where a majority of its population languishes in poverty and vulnerability. Odisha (earlier known as Orissa) records the highest incidence of poverty with around 57 per cent of its population below the official poverty line (GoI, 2009). The State is well known for its economic backwardness and low level of human development with very high infant and maternal mortality rates and low life expectancy. Although it has registered impressive economic growth in the last decade, a major share of its population suffers from under-nutrition, health insecurity and old age vulnerability. In such a context, the State-sponsored social security schemes assume paramount importance.
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