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Enabling or evading? Germany in the Middle East

Germany’s political influence in the Middle East and North Africa is limited in many respects. However, Berlin’s role in shaping positions within the EU, its close alliance with Israel, its good relations with Iran, and its growing partnership with the Gulf states bestow it with some geopolitical influence.

As the unravelling of the Middle Eastern status quo advances at great speed, the...

Mixed signals: China in the Middle East

China's interests in the Middle East  continue to grow, and the region has become an integral part of  President Xi's New Silk Road. But while China has a keen interest in the  region’s energy resources and is willing to expend diplomatic efforts  to secure these, it regards the complex Middle East politics with caution.

However, China’s position is increasingly under pressure as new...

China’s economic engagement in the Middle East and North Africa

Over the past decade, China has been increasing its economic involvement in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), evolving from its dependence on the energy trade to much broader commercial engagement.

With its "going global" strategy as a recipe for growth, Beijing became more active diplomatically in order to advance its interests in the region. In turn, with China's stature...

State-business relations in Morocco

This publication studies how the relationship between the state and the business community in Morocco has changed over the past two decades. Recent scholarship by social scientists on political change in the Middle East and North Africa has mostly focused on civil society. Relatively less attention has been paid to the role of business associations.

Given the more prominent role for the...

A changing moment for citizen action in Greece

When the Indignados took over Spanish squares, Maro Pantazidou wondered why it was all quiet on the Greek front. Facing the most extreme austerity measures in the Eurozone, it seemed as if Greek citizens were experiencing a shock, holding them back from exploding in national rage. However, could it be that by focusing on mass movements, we were overlooking smaller but meaningful initiatives...

Another economics borne?

‘There is another economics waiting be borne. It would take efficiency off the pedestal and stress the importance of alternative measures’, Stephen Marglin, Harvard University. This is one of the quotes from the Beyond Economics Meeting in New York report.

On 29‐31 October 2009 academics, development practitioners and activists met in New York for the launch of Development 52.3 ‘Beyond...

Food Change Lab Fort Portal, Uganda

Inclusive economy with a social agenda

This brief report looks at the key issues raised during the intergenerational debate in The Hague on how to place people at the centre of economics. The meeting focused on how to establish collective responsibility for sustainable livelihoods in wake of the crises.

Building on an analysis of the crises by keynote speaker Rick van der Ploeg the panel and the audience sketched out how to...

Beyond economics: Report of the three launches of Development 52.3

The final report of the three launches of Development 52.3 ‘Beyond Economics’ is now available. In 2009‐2010 the Society for International Development (SID), in partnership with the Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries (Hivos), responded to the financial crisis through a special issue of the SID journal Development on ‘Beyond Economics’, and three consecutive launches...

Social security schemes in Punjab

Social security schemes in the State have evolved over a considerably long period. They are products of socio-politico-economic processes. In fact, some schemes were taken up in the State much earlier than elsewhere in the country.

Actually, the State had witnessed a strong regional movement for the formation of a Punjabi-speaking state during the late 1950s and early 1960s as also a...

Functioning of NREGS in Punjab

Punjab is one of the highly developed states in India. It ranks 4th after Haryana, Maharashtra and Gujarat in terms of per capita income (GOI, 2011) and is several notches above the rest in terms of HDI (GOI, 2002; GOP, 2004) and per capita consumption expenditure (Jain, 2010).

It has the lowest incidence of poverty (GOI, 2011). Its spectacular success in agriculture, rural development...

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