Hivos International

Sumba Iconic Island documents

This is a selection of key reports, studies and publications relevant to the Sumba Iconic Island project and public campaign. Click on 'expand' for a summary and to download the documents in pdf.

Village Electrification Options on Sumba Island, by Stewart Craine

In Central Sumba kerosene lamp usage has reduced considerably through a subsidised solar electrification programme, mostly via solar home systems. » expand

In Central Sumba kerosene lamp usage has reduced considerably through a subsidised solar electrification programme, mostly via solar home systems. This study adds further detail towards a financially sustainable plan to help 10,000 - 40,000 households gain access to electricity and continue to have access.

Sumba Energy from Waste, Fact Foundation

FACT Foundation was commissioned to assess the practical potential of producing energy from selected organic waste streams. » expand

FACT Foundation was commissioned to assess the practical potential of producing energy from selected organic waste streams. The study aims to assess and rank several waste streams as to their suitability to achieve the objectives of the ‘Iconic Island’ concept at Sumba.

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Renewable energy in the hands of people

Years ago, Hivos opted to aim for an ambitious goal of promoting 100% renewable energy worldwide. In the new brochure in English and Spanish, Renewable Energy in the Hands of People, Hivos show not only how to achieve that goal, but also the contributions Hivos itself is making. » expand

Years ago, Hivos opted to aim for an ambitious goal of promoting 100% renewable energy worldwide. In the new brochure in English and Spanish, Renewable Energy in the Hands of People, Hivos show not only how to achieve that goal, but also the contributions Hivos itself is making: irrigation powered by solar panels, hydropower for light in the dark and biogas to avoid harmful fumes from cookstoves. In all this, decentralised renewable energy generation is the solution, but action is needed. With the proper technology and financing, even more super storms like Typhoon Haiyan, the strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in recorded history, can be prevented.

Socio-Economic-Gender Baseline Survey Report, February 2013

Hivos has started an initiative to develop a showcase for a 100% renewable energy island in Indonesia, called ‘Iconic Island’. The aim of the initiative would be to completely end the dependence on fossil fuels of this island, and to demonstrate and communicate the possibility thereof in the Netherlands as well as in Indonesia.

By enhancing people’s access to renewable energy, the project is also expected to bring positive effects to socio-economic and gender aspects among Sumba Island's inhabitants. This baseline survey was conducted to be able to assess these results in the future. » expand

Hivos has started an initiative to develop a showcase for a 100% renewable energy island in Indonesia, called ‘Iconic Island’. The aim of the initiative would be to completely end the dependence on fossil fuels of this island, and to demonstrate and communicate the possibility thereof in the Netherlands as well as in Indonesia.

By enhancing people’s access to renewable energy, the project is also expected to bring positive effects to socio-economic and gender aspects among Sumba Island's inhabitants. This baseline survey was conducted to be able to assess these results in the future.

This socio economic and gender baseline survey was conducted in two different times. The first survey conducted at the end of April until May 2012 towards 312 households. The second survey conducted at the end of November until December 2012 towards 268 respondent. Total number of respondents per district is determined proportionally toward total population of Sumba Island; the selection of sampling area was conducted through cluster random sampling – with the village as primary sampling unit. Based on the assumption that access to electricity affects the socio-economic and gender aspects, so the clustering is based on the electrification ratio1 of villages within respective districts. For the second survey, booster sampling also used for getting additional 61  households of SEHEN user, in order to have sufficient sample for knowing people satisfaction/dissatisfaction toward SEHEN.

Sumba: An Iconic Island to demonstrate the potential of renewable energy (and update 2012)

This brochure presents the Iconic Island project. It will highlight its potential and the necessary requirements to make the Iconic Island not only a reality, but a breakthrough success. » expand

This brochure presents the Iconic Island project. It will highlight its potential and the necessary requirements to make the Iconic Island not only a reality, but a breakthrough success.

The general introduction focuses on our objectives, with background information, an outline of our strategic approach and a description of the stakeholders and target groups involved. Chapter 2 shows that the Iconic Island project combines two agendas: renewable energy as a solution to address climate change as well as a means to poverty reduction. Chapter 3 elaborates on the island that was identified for the implementation of this project: Sumba, in the East Nusa Tenggara province of Indonesia. And finally, in Chapter 4 we describe how we envision the realisation of this project. This includes the activities and necessary steps to be taken, in addition to the financing of the various components of the project.

Plants for Power, April 2012

The subject of this report is whether biomass from plant material could be a good source of renewable energy in Sumba. This study was conducted in September–October 2011, and included a short desk study, four weeks’ field study in Sumba, a stakeholder meeting in Sumba to discuss results, and a final analysis by the research team. The overall objectives were (a) to describe recent  experiences and current cultivation practices of crops that could be used for production of biofuels and electricity generation in Sumba, including the waste streams; and (b) to indicate the potential for increasing energy feedstock production in a sustainable way. » expand

The subject of this report is whether biomass from plant material could be a good source of renewable energy in Sumba. This study was conducted in September–October 2011, and included a short desk study, four weeks’ field study in Sumba, a stakeholder meeting in Sumba to discuss results, and a final analysis by the research team. The overall objectives were (a) to describe recent  experiences and current cultivation practices of crops that could be used for production of biofuels and electricity generation in Sumba, including the waste streams; and (b) to indicate the potential for increasing energy feedstock production in a sustainable way.

Hivos asked the team to develop a method to assess which crops, biomass streams, and value chains are suitable for developing into biomass-for-energy production, and to identify crucial factors for success or failure. This method takes into account resources availability in Sumba, general social sustainability, and ethical considerations.

First, this report provides a scheme for grounded assessment of production factor availability for expansion of biofuel crop cultivation in a delineated area. Second, the report explains how social sustainability and ethical considerations concerning food versus fuel play a role in assessing various options for energy feedstock production. Thirdly, the report looks at the crops and wild plants that could be sources of fatty oil feedstock for bio-diesel, sources of sugary feedstock for bio-ethanol, and sources for gasification.

A general conclusion from the field data was that there is a pattern in which the options for increasing energy feedstock production are seen as four distinct transition processes: commoditisation of wild plants and trees; introduction of new energy crops for small-holder cultivation; changing the use of existing small holder cash crops; and introducing plantation agriculture.

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Grid Connected Electricity Generation - Final Report, April 2011

HIVOS, together with partners, has started a project to develop a show case for a 100% renewable energy island in Indonesia, an “iconic island”. The project should on one hand provide energy to the island’s population, and on the other hand also attract interest, cooperation and funding from institutions, companies and the public inside and outside Indonesia for replication. HIVOS asked KEMA to carry out a study that would provide high level advice on possible grid connected solutions for a 100% renewable electricity supply on the island of Sumba.   » expand

HIVOS, together with partners, has started a project to develop a show case for a 100% renewable energy island in Indonesia, an “iconic island”. The project should on one hand provide energy to the island’s population, and on the other hand also attract interest, cooperation and funding from institutions, companies and the public inside and outside Indonesia for replication. HIVOS asked KEMA to carry out a study that would provide high level advice on possible grid connected solutions for a 100% renewable electricity supply on the island of Sumba.  

This report contains the outlines and major variables of the least cost investment study. Chapter 2 describes the approach and methodology used in this study. The development of demand and supply are presented in Chapters 3 and 4. Furthermore, Chapter 5 incorporates the production planning for electricity while Chapter 6 summarises the economic aspects of the least cost  investigation in the electricity supply of Sumba. Finally, in Chapter 7 the conclusions and recommendations are summarised.

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Feasibility Report on Off-Grid Electrification, February 2011

This off-grid feasibility report delivers more detailed information on Renewable Energy potential for off-grid use. Proposed technologies should be well proven in conditions comparable with Sumba.
The study should also include proposals and a feasibility judgement of financing models, e.g. microfinance, fee for service, government support programmes, etc. The study includes a judgement of the possible improvement of the socio economic position of women. » expand

Hivos has developed an Iconic Island project at Sumba, Indonesia, to showcase the possibilities of renewable energy. The long term objective of this Multi Actor Initiative (MAI) is to shift to 100% renewable energy (grid and non grid), increase access to energy, an increase in the electrification rate, the start of production and use of bio fuels (for transport and power generation), an increase in economic development and an improvement in the gender situation.

This off-grid feasibility report delivers more detailed information on Renewable Energy potential for off-grid use. Proposed technologies should be well proven in conditions comparable with Sumba.
The study should also include proposals and a feasibility judgement of financing models, e.g. microfinance, fee for service, government support programmes, etc. The study includes a judgement of the possible improvement of the socio economic position of women.

The field mission to Sumba was supported by the German International Cooperation (GIZ) who – on behalf of the Dutch-German partnership „Energising Development‟ – jointly implements the Mini Hydro Power Project for Capacity Development (MHPP2) together with the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) in Indonesia.

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Feasibility of Biogas in Sumba, February 2011

This report presents the findings and recommendations of a study to assess the feasibility of biogas in the island of Sumba, NTT province, Indonesia. The report is prepared based on the meetings with government officials, meetings with households and field observations which were carried out in the second week of February 2011. » expand

This report presents the findings and recommendations of a study to assess the feasibility of biogas in the island of Sumba, NTT province, Indonesia. The report is prepared based on the meetings with government officials, meetings with households and field observations which were carried out in the second week of February 2011.

A small market for biogas seems feasible in Sumba; however, there are many challenges and limiting factors as well. There are sufficient cattle in Sumba but the availability of dung in the yards is rather limited. The market is not big enough to attract the private sector. The technology is new in the island; therefore capacity needs to be built up within the implementing organisations.

The priority of households is lighting or even generation of electricity. Therefore, besides small household size plants for cooking, larger size plants up to 20 m3 are proposed.

At this moment constructing some biogas plants as a pilot phase at strategic locations and assessing the response of people towards this new technology is recommended.  A strong promotion and socialization package also needs to be developed and implemented.
 

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Fuel Independent Renewable Energy “Iconic Island”- Preliminary Resource Assessment, August 2010

In late June 2010, Winrock was commissioned by Dutch organisation HIVOS to implement a first thorough and in-depth assessment on Sumba and Buru Islands in Indonesia and screen them against set of criteria in order to determine their respective ‘attractiveness’ as candidates for a ‘fossil fuel independent pilot Island’ Iconic Island’. » expand

In late June 2010, Winrock was commissioned by Dutch organisation HIVOS to implement a first thorough and in-depth assessment on Sumba and Buru Islands in Indonesia and screen them against set of criteria in order to determine their respective ‘attractiveness’ as candidates for a ‘fossil fuel independent pilot Island’ Iconic Island’.

This report endeavors to answer the basic research question whether or not the islands under scrutiny can become fossil fuel impendent in light of the available and verifiable Renewable Energy sources as found on these islands. Secondly, it aims to reduce the level of complexity by assessing islands against criteria that either inhibit or enable project implementation these include criteria of general logistics and perceived support of local authorities and stakeholders.

Chapter 1 and 2 present the findings of respectively the Sumba and Buru assessment. A socio-economic background is followed by a detailed resource assessment based on available data. In Chapter 3 a scoring chart was devised in order to obtain an ‘apple to apple’ comparison between islands.  In conclusion, Sumba seems to have the upper hand being the island with the best technical and institutional potential for the implementation of the ‘iconic island concept’. Even though the island has alarge number of inhabitants (> 600,000), which may set hurdles as to the scale of the project, wind, hydro and biogas resources are found throughout the country and has a better road and power line infrastructure.

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Key Focal Areas